EVERYWHERE YOU LOOK, BEES ARE DISAPPEARING!
EUROPE WAS LOSING BEES. UNTIL THEY STOPPED USING NICOTINOIDS! See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neonicotinoid
Canada was losing them. USA is losing them still.
"The fact is that of the 100 crop species that provide 90 per cent of the world's food, over 70 are pollinated by bees."
English Parliament heard an expert last week: "A growing volume of evidence suggests that neo-nicotinoid insecticides are a major factor behind the decline in the number of honey bees and other pollinators, yet the European commission sidesteps demands to suspend their use. Its failure to pay heed to the precautionary principle betrays its commitment to protect biodiversity and could prove a costly mistake.
The decline in the honey bee population across Europe is acknowledged by the commission. But while the EU's 700,000 beekeepers harvest some 200,000 tonnes of honey each year, their honey bees are responsible for less than 10 per cent of pollination. Of even greater concern should be the situation of wild bees. Little is known for certain but such evidence as exists suggests that their survival rates are no better. As the economic value to Europe of insect pollinated crops is about €15bn annually we should be doing more to find out.
Bees face threats from disease and parasites. They are affected by agricultural changes and different weather conditions. They can be vulnerable to the effects of pesticides even when they are not the intended target. The commission adopted a communication on honey bee health last December. It’s a well intentioned document that explains what has been done, what issues are being explored, and what might be done, but it singularly fails to address the issue now most commonly raised by scientists and environmentalists.
Neonicotinoids are a set of neurotoxin insecticides that mimic the insect-killing properties of nicotine. Intended both for seed dressing and as soil treatments they are used widely. One product, for example, Imidacloprid, was Bayer's top selling insecticide in 2009, earning the company more than €400m. They do not target bees but are absorbed through pollen and nectar. Evidence from the US department of agriculture, from the French national institute for agricultural research, and from independent studies documented in the 2009 report published by Buglife, the UK's invertebrate conservation trust, suggests that even in minute traces the pesticides increase the vulnerability of pollinators."
HEADLINE: American bumble bees in sharp decline
DEC 2010, Guardian, UK - The abundance of four common species of bumblebee in the US has dropped by 96% in just the past few decades, according to the most comprehensive national census of the insects. Scientists said the alarming decline, which could have devastating implications for the pollination of both wild and farmed plants, was likely to be a result of disease and low genetic diversity in bee populations. Bumblebees are important pollinators of wild plants and agricultural crops around the world including tomatoes and berries thanks to their large body size, long tongues, and high-frequency buzzing, which helps release pollen from flowers.
The study found that the relative abundance of four of the sampled species had declined by up to 96% and that their geographic ranges had contracted by 23% to 87%, some within just the past two decades.
No pollinators means no food, no trees, no replication of plants. No seeds, no nuts. No vegetables, no tomatoes. Nothin'! Means the END OF HUMANITY unless you have a few acres of land, trees and plants and seed and are ready to go out and pollinate with a sable brush and a ladder!
BEEKEEPERS MAGAZINE (below) called it "Kashmir Bee Virus (why is it always HONG KONG VIRUS, or ASIAN FLU.....??) WHATEVER it is, it's going to leave FAMINE in its wake!
Kashmir Bee Virus (KBV) was diagnosed in the Fraser Valley of British Columbia, Canada, in the spring of 2004, in a commercial operation whose honeybee colonies had declined and subsequently died. It has also been recently found in colonies that appear healthy.
The virus had previously been diagnosed in British Columbia in the early 1980s, in honeybee stock originally imported from Australia and New Zealand. At that time, well before the Varroa mite arrived, no symptoms had been observed and therefore, KBV was not a concern.
Suspected CAUSES: NEONICOTINOIDS by BAYER.
as well as Movento/Spirotetramat
In the late 1980s, researchers in Europe and the US reported that KBV was a highly contagious and virulent pathogen in the presence of Varroa mites. Over the years, little information became available about KBV and its distribution and impact, since colony losses were mostly attributed to mite parasitism or other causes without proof. KBV and other viral honeybee agents may not have received much attention because disease symptoms were generally not as definitive as others, while laboratory analysis required expertise and resources.
The precise distribution of KBV in North America is not known. KBV was detected in 1995 in a small US survey of seven states. All states were positive: California, Florida, Maine, Minnesota, New York, Texas, and Washington. It has been suggested that the virus is endemically present throughout most of North America's honeybee population.
KBV Origin and Classification
The Kashmir Bee Virus is a natural disease of the eastern honeybee Apis cerana. After the introduction of the western honeybee Apis mellifera into the distribution range of A. cerana in southern Asia, the virus made a “species-jump” and began to parasitize its new host.
KBV of honeybees is a RNA-virus in the newly established family Dicistroviridae. RNA viruses are very small (in comparison to DNA-viruses) and associated with the mitochondria of host cells.
KBV’s virulence is made possible because of its association with the Varroa mite. Mites carry the viruses externally and internally. By piercing the honeybee’s cuticle, they transfer viral particles into the host’s tissue. The bee’s pupal stage appears most susceptible to infection. In the confined space of the capped pupal cell, viruses are not only transferred from mite to bee, but also from mite to mite. After several mite generations in the honeybee colony, the majority of mites will be KBV carriers. As more bees become infected, the transfer of food, grooming and other physical contact between bees facilitates the further spread of the virus.
It is not known whether the honey bee tracheal mite (Acarapis woodi) and Nosema (Nosema apis) are viral vectors as well. Since these pathogens cause tissue damage in the tracheal tubes and epithelial cell wall of the midgut of adult bees respectively, they may play a role in the introduction of viral agents into the host’s body cavity.
Expression of Virulence
At this time, the causes that trigger virulence are unclear. Throughout the 1980s, the presence of KBV in BC colonies was an academic curiosity, as the virus remained non-virulent or in a latent state. Even after the introduction of Varroa in British Columbia in 1990, there were no reports of viral infestations. In recent years, occasional incidents of colony losses that could not be attributed to common honeybee diseases may have involved KBV.
Some studies have shown that high mite levels result in high virulence. This correlation can be readily accepted as large numbers of KBV-carrying mites contribute to the rapid spread of the virus throughout the bee population, while stress caused by mite parasitism increases the honeybee’s susceptibility to viral infection. However, surveys carried out by BC Ministry of Agriculture and Lands indicate that KBV virulence also occurs when Varroa infestation levels are low or non-detectable.
There is no prescribed set of symptoms confirming KBV in the field. Definitive diagnosis is carried out in the laboratory through Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) analysis. However, beekeepers may observe various symptoms that may point to viral infection. These include:
* Weakening of the colony without any apparent presence of brood diseases and mites.
* Increasing numbers of dead or dying bees on the inner cover, landing board or in front of the hive. Dying bees may be trembling and display uncoordinated movement.
* Affected bees are partly or completely hairless where the upper surface of the thorax is especially dark.
* Older adult bees have a greasy or oily appearance while recently emerged bees may appear opaque as if pigmentation of the tissue had not been completed prior to emergence.
Sample Collection and Diagnosis
For definitive identification, whole adult bees must be analyzed in the laboratory. Adult bees are highly perishable and need to be preserved as best as possible after collection. The following collection method is recommended:
* Collect live bees from the hive entrance or in front of the hive. Select bees that appear hairless and greasy.
* Collect 10 live adult bees by squeezing their head-thorax and place in a paper lunch bag or paper envelope. Do not place bees in a plastic bag, wrapping or container.
* Mark the sample bag or envelope with your name and corresponding hive number or apiary and place in a freezer for 24 hours.
* Submit sample bag(s) to the Apiculture office for analysis.
* KBV diagnosis of a sample of bees collected from one colony does not mean the viral infestation is limited to that single colony. Due to the highly contagious nature of KBV, the entire apiary is suspect and should be considered KBV positive. As a result, a single composite apiary sample can also be collected, with a number of colonies contributing bees to the sample.
There is no product available for KBV control. Most viral infections become evident when bees have been stressed due to other diseases, weather conditions or management practices. Some bee stocks have shown higher susceptibility to viral infection than others; this can be remedied by replacing the queen with a queen from another source.
To minimize the impact of KBV and other viral infections:
* Reduce stress to bees by applying good management practices.
* Provide plenty of food stores, especially pollen.
* Keep mite levels low through frequent monitoring and applying mite control products when necessary.
* Apply hygienic management practices in the apiary.
For more information, contact the Apiculture office in Abbotsford at 604-556-3129 / 604-556-3152.
http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=134446ANOTHER FINE ARTICLE, may be a second virus. (!!)
http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/SC0703/S00040.htmA THIRD VIRUS!
THREE POWER FOODS come from bees, pollen, honey and royal jelly. I would miss HONEY. I wait for it to be on sale at my smallchain market, 11$ for 5 POUNDS. Twice a year, I buy a big one. Decant into 5 oz jars, leave big one in dark corner. They give you that rant that it crystallizes but hey, put it in a post-simmer turned off pot of hot water, it UNcrystallizes quickly enough.
HUMANITY needs bees. We can't lose them! What can you do?
Google up the importance of pollonated crops. tells you. There are other pollinators. Read! Google up a MAP of the spread of disease showing how it starts in one area then spreads.
FEEL FREE TO GIVE US YOUR ANSWERS, HUNCHES!
OK. First person wrote me!
DEAR ANITA: It's not cell phones. I was a satellite communications network
controller in the army. I understand RFR (Radio Magnetic Radiation)
REALLY well! Basically... to be harmed, the bee would have act like an
antenna. When you listen to the radio, you "tune your radio" to a
certain station. That's a process of changing the length of the antenna.
The RFR from cell phones is no where near the length of a bee! It's the
same wave form as in a cop's radar gun. Those guns have been bathing the
USA for many years w/out affecting the bee population.
It's either Monsanto's GMO'sor the new, Nicotine based insecticide
that's been out for the last few years. Both are heavily used in the
countries that have experienced the heaviest bee loss. My Organic
Gardening group has been watching & discussing this for some time.
I brought a sick hive down so that we
could clear you earthlings out of
here! We need a planet, dammnit!
Deal with it!
The hippies recommend planting pollen rich sunflowers all around your property so the bees can eat.
Then, never shooing them out of the hollow tree where they build their nest. If they're not African
bees, the big guys, they will not hurt you.
LATEST NEWS ON THE WHOLE THING:
too little, too late.......
Bee decline could raise food costs more, panel told
Food prices could rise even more unless the mysterious decline in honeybees is solved, farmers and businessmen told lawmakers Thursday.
By The Associated Press and McClatchy Newspapers
WASHINGTON-Food prices could rise even more unless the mysterious decline in honeybees is solved, farmers and businessmen told lawmakers Thursday.
"No bees, no crops," North Carolina grower Robert Edwards told a House Agriculture subcommittee.
A record 36 percent of U.S. commercial bee colonies have been lost so far this year and worse may be yet to come, experts told the panel.
Colony collapse disorder is characterized by a sudden decline in a bee colony's population and the inexplicable absence of dead bees.
Possible explanations for the disorder, first reported in 2006, include pesticides; a new parasite or pathogen; and the combination of immunity-suppressing stresses such as poor nutrition, limited or contaminated water supplies, and the need to move bees long distances for pollination.
"What seemed to be an aberration has unfortunately turned into a full-fledged crisis," said Rep. Dennis Cardoza, D-Calif., chairman of the House horticulture and organic agriculture subcommittee, which convened the hearing.
Ice-cream maker Haagen-Dazs and natural personal-care products company Burt's Bees have pledged money for research.
The problem affects about 40 percent of Haagen-Dazs' 73 flavors, including banana split and chocolate peanut butter, because ingredients such as almonds, cherries and strawberries rely on honeybees for pollination.
The House Appropriations Committee approved $780,000 on Thursday for research on the disorder and $10 million for bee research. The money awaits approval by the full House and Senate.
April 2011, this 'poster' researcher bought a 5lb Sioux Bee Jar of honey for 9.99 on sale. 2$ an lb. in LA.CALIF.
SAVED THE GOOD NEWS FOR LAST, NATIVE BEE SPECIES EXIST which MAY BE MORE DISEASE FREE: : http://www.attra.org/attra-pub/nativebee.html
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Our POSTER is ANITA SANDS HERNANDEZ, Los Angeles Writer, Futurist and Astrologer. Catch up with her websites TRUTHS GOV WILL HIDE & NEVER TELL YOU, also The FUTURE, WHAT'S COMIN' AT YA! FRUGAL LIFE STYLE TIPS, HOW TO SURVIVE the COMING GREAT DEPRESSION, and Secrets of Nature, HOLISTIC, AFFORDABLE HEALING. Also ARTISANRY FOR EXPORT, EARN EUROS....* Anita is at firstname.lastname@example.org ). Get a 15$ natal horoscope "my money/future life" reading now + copy horoscope as a Gif file graphic! No smarter, more accurate career reading out there!
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